Timothy W. Smith, Ph.D.Professor, Clinical Psychology, Health Psychology
Contact InformationOffice: 704 BEHS
Phone: (801) 581-5087
of my research addresses personality and social risk factors for cardiovascular
disease. I am interested in the application of theory and methods
from the interpersonal tradition in clinical, personality, and social
psychology to the conceptualization and assessment of psychosocial
risk factors for disease, and to the study of the psychophysiological
mechanisms linking risk factors to disease. A basic premise of this
perspective is that personality characteristics are reciprocally related
to characteristics of the social environment. Over long periods of
time and throughout the course of personality and social development,
people shape and are shaped by their relationships and the social
contexts they inhabit. This transactional process through which people
influence and are influenced by social contexts, in turn, can impact
the individual's risk for serious illness.
As reflected in the following list of recent publications, I am also
interested in risk factors and processes in the specific social context
of close personal relationships (e.g., marriage). I am also interested
in using the same interpersonal concepts and methods to study the
process of adjustment to chronic medical illness.
Recent studies and papers illustrating these interests are listed
below. I would particularly recommend the Smith and MacKenzie (2006) *** in the Annual Review of Clinical Psychology; the Smith, Ruiz, and Uchino (2000) Health Psychology paper;
the Baron, Smith et al (2007) Journal of Behavior Medicine paper, Smith, Glazer et al (2004) paper in Journal of Personality, and the Smith et al (2007) Psychosomatic medicine paper.
Our current major projects include two studies on marital
interaction, cardiovascular reactivity, and cardiovascular risk. One
of these involves younger couples, and the other involves middle-aged
and older couples. The former, funded by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, examines cardiovascular and Neuroendocrine responses during couple interactions. The latter project - funded by the National Institute
of Aging - reflects our growing interest in studying the psychosocial
risk process from the perspective of adult development and aging,
and examines the association of psychosocial risk factors and physiological
reactivity with coronary artery disease assessed with CT scans. In
other projects, we are examining a variety of interpersonal determinants
of the magnitude and nature of cardiovascular stress responses, such
as the personality trait of hostility, the act of anger expression,
and internal representations of social ties.
EducationPost-doc, Brown University (Program in Medicine, 1983)
Pre-doc, Brown University (Clinical Psychology, Program in Medicine, 1982)
Ph.D., University of Kansas (Clinical Psychology, 1982)
M.A., University of Kansas (Clinical Psychology, 1980)
B.A., University of Kansas (Psychology, 1977)
Selected PublicationsBaron, K. G., Smith, T.W., Butner, J., Nealey-Moore, J., Hawkins, M.W., & Uchino, B.N. (2007). Hostility, anger, and marital adjustment: concurrent and prospective associations with psychosocial vulnerability. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 30, 1-10.
Holt-Lunstad, J., Uchino, B.N., Smith, T.W., & Hicks, A. (2007). On the importance of relationship quality: The impact of ambivalence in friendships on cardiovascular functioning. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 33, 278-290.
Nealey-Moore, J.B., Smith, T.W., Uchino, B.N., Hawkins, M.W., & Olson-Cerny, C. (2007). Cardiovascular reactivity during positive and negative marital interactions. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, in press.
Smith, T.W. (2007). Measurement in health psychology research. In R. Silver & H.S. Friedman (Eds.), Foundations of Health Psychology, (pp 19-51). Oxford Press.
Smith, T.W., & Uchino, B.N (2007). Measuring physiological processes in biopsychosocial research:Basic principles amid growing complexity. In L.J. Lueken and L.C. Gallo (Eds.), Handbook of Physiological Methods in Health Psychology. Sage.
Smith, T.W., Uchino, B.N., Berg, C.A., Florsheim, P., Pearce, G., Hawkins, M., Hopkins, P.N., & Yoon, H.C. (2007). Hostile personality traits and coronary artery calcification in middle-aged and older married couples: Different effects for self-reports versus spouse-ratings. Psychosomatic Medicine, 69, 441-448.
Smith, T.W., & Glazer, K. (2006). Hostility, marriage, and the heart: The social psychophysiology of cardiovascular risk in close relationships. In D.R. Crane and E.S. Marshall (Eds.), Handbook of families and health: Interdisciplinary perspectives. (pp. 19-39). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
My current graduate studentsCarolynne Baron